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markazi mining area(iron/precious metals)



Markazi Province

Markazi Province (Persian: استان مرکزی‎‎, Ostān-e Markazi ), the medieval Iraq-i Ajam, more recently Arak—is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. The word markazi means central in Persian. In 2014 it was placed in Region 4.

Markazi lies in western Iran. Its capital is Arak. Its population is estimated at 1.41 million. The present borders of the province date to the 1977, when the province was split into the current Markazi and the Tehran Province, with portions being annexed by Esfahan, Semnan Province, and Zanjan.

The major cities of the province are: Saveh, Arak, Mahallat, Zarandiyeh, Khomein, Delijan, Tafresh, Ashtian, Shazand (previously known as Sarband) and Farahan.



The Markazi (Central) province with an area of 29,406 square kilometers is limited to the provinces of Tehran and Qazvin from the north, to Hamadan from the west, to Lurestan and Esfahan from the south, and to Qom from the east. This province includes the townships of Ashtian, Arak, Tafresh, Khomein, Delijan, Saveh, Sarband and Mahalat. The city of Arak is the center of this province. In 1996 the population of this province was 1.2 million out of which 57.1% lived in urban areas and 42.9% resided in rural areas. This province is to the east of the intersection of the Alborz and Zagross Mountain Ranges. The unevenness of this province includes parts of the central mountains and internal parts of the Zagross Mountains Range.

The lowest part of this province are the plains to the south and east of Saveh which is between 500-1000 m. high, and its highest point is the Rasvand summit which is 3,342 m. high, and is located in the Rasvand Mountain Range to the southwest of Arak.

    Physical Map of Markazi
Physical Map of Markazi



The climate of the Markazi province is semi-arid, moderate and cold mountainous type. This province is under the influence of the pressure of the Indian Ocean currents with dust hurricanes, Atlantic Ocean currents and Mediterranean currents with humidity and rain. The south, southeastern and the northwestern regions of the province named as Khomein, Mahalat, and Shazand are located in the mountainous moderate climate of the eastern Zagross and to the north and northeast of Saveh. Other townships of the province, i.e., Tafresh, Ashtian and northern Arak are located in the semi-arid region of Esfahan and Sirjan.

The diversity of climate leads to a varied rate of moisture and rain in different cities of the province. In mountainous area, there is often snowfall and in lower areas it rains. The north of the province that is in Zarand region has the minimum amount of rainfall while the Shazand heights have the maximum amount of rainfall. April to June is the best season for traveling to this province.

Administrative divisionss

Markazi province consists of 11 counties and 18 districts (Khondab County has been added to the counties as of 2007).

Map Shahrestan Map Key Bakhsh Center
Arak A Central Arak
k Khondab
Ashtian Ash Central Ashtian
Delijan D Central Delijan
Komijan K Central Komijan
m Milajerd
Khomein Kh Central Khomein
k Kamareh
Mahallat M Central Mahallat
Saveh S Central Saveh
n Nobaran
Shazand Sh Central Shazand
s Sarband
z Zalian
Tafresh T Central Tafresh
f Farahan
Zarandiyeh Z Central Mamuniyeh
k Kharqan
Neighbor provinces: E: Esfahan, H: Hamedan, L: Lorestan, Qm: Qom, Qz: Qazvin, T: Tehran



Markazi province was part of the Median Empire in the first millennium BC, which included all of the central and western parts of modern-day Iran. The region is considered to be one of the ancient settlements on the Iranian plateau. Numerous remaining ruins testify to the antiquity of this area.

In the early centuries Islam, the name of the area was changed to Jibal or Qahestan. By the early 10th century, Khorheh had become a famous city of Jibal province, followed by Tafresh and Khomein.

In recent times, the expansion of the North-South railroad (commonly known as the Persian Corridor

Many figures in Iranian history trace their beginnings to this province. namely: Mirza Abulqasem Qaem Maqam, Abbas Eqbal Ashtiani, Mirza Taqi Khan Amir Kabir, Qaem Maqam Farahani, Mahmoud Hessabi, Ayatollah Khomeini, Ayatollah Araki, and many others.

According to historical sources, Markazi province was a part of Median Empire in the first millennium BC. which included all central and western parts of Iran. It was one of the ancient human settlements in the Iran plateau. In Seleucidian era, this area, specially the northern part (Khorheh village), was paid due attention to by the Greek rulers. During the reign of Khosrow Parviz the Sassanide ruler, Iran was divided into four parts: north, east, south, and west. The central province was located in the west. 

In the early centuries of the Islamic era the name of this area was changed to Jebal or Qahestan province. In the 2nd century AH., this area along with Hamadan, Ray, and Esfahan was named Iraq-e-Ajam. In the early 4th century AH., Khorheh became one of the famous cities of Jabal province. Late in this century, Tafresh was one of the famous urban centers, and Khorheh and Khomein ranked as the next famous urban areas. The mentioned cities were active and flourishing in the Safavid period. During the Qajar dynasty the central part of Arak began flourishing. 

During the recent decades, the expansion of the railroad and the setting up of several major factories and huge industrial units, this area developed considerably. Due to the new divisions of the country and the formation of the province of Tehran, this province was formed and Arak is its capital.

Saveh County

Saveh Countyy (Persian: شهرستان ساوه‎‎) is a county in Markazi Province in Iran. The capital of the county is Saveh. At the 2011 census, the county's population was 259,030 people. The county is subdivided into two districts: the Central District and Nowbaran District. The county has three cities: Saveh, Nowbaran, and Gharqabad.

Zarandieh County

Zarandieh County (Persian: شهرستان زرندیه‎‎) is a county in Markazi Province in Iran. The capital of the county is Mamuniyeh. At the 2006 census, the county's population was 57,550, in 15,174 families.[1] The county is subdivided into two districts: the Central District and Kharqan District. The county has four cities: Mamuniyeh, Zaviyeh, Parandak, and Razeghi. Persian, Azerbaijani and Tati. are the main languages in the county.


Mamuniyeh City

Mamuniyeh (Persian: مامونيه‎‎, also Romanized as Ma’mūnīyeh) is a city in and the capital of Zarandieh County, Markazi Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 17,337, in 4,672 families.


Silver/Iron Mine of Saveh (Kohan Silver/Iron Mine)

This exploration area registered in 2008(1388) in Markazi province as Iron area. The area is about 28.41 km2.


1/25000 map of Zarandieh Mining Area


Geographical position and available ways

Kohan Silver/Iron Mine is in eastern centre of Saveh-Tehran urban and about 72 km far from Tehran, 25 km from Saveh and 15 km from Mamunieh(Asiabak) cities.

For reaching the exploration area after going through Tehran toward Saveh, you arrive to Mamounieh City and its Industrial area that is before the city. In other side of the road you can see a byway that is the way of FarajAbad village. After driving 9 km, you can reach the Mine in the south hills of region.

Total space of the area is a eleven nonagon that in its east you can see FarajAbad village and many of mountains in area plan.

Area has a desert environment and you can work in the mine 12 months of the year.

The mine place is in south-east of the area and experimental activities continues in other place of region.

Topography of area

The main morphology of experimental area containing of some mid-height mountains with the name of ChocheBar. The highest mountain is 1510 m from sea height. The major mountains are in the border.


Minerals of the area

The best mineral that prove in this area is Silver but due to analyses and area information gathered by the technicians and experts show us other precious minerals.

The magnetic properties of minerals and of course analysis, shows that we have Iron ore as Magnetite and Hematite. This Magnetite is in a forcing piles alike Gabro. Minerals and ore bodies in the area containing of 4 categories :


2)Iron(Magnetite & Hematite)


4)Quartz and Silica that in some places you can find Aghigh and jewelery.

This is a good sample of Magnetite ore that is find in Kohan Silver/Iron Mine of  Saveh near Mamounieh. This Magnet is in about 70 degree slope.

Mineral Analyses





For getting analyses please contact us.